theSmallerFish wrote: Mekan1k wrote: theSmallerFish wrote:
No... just no, in several different ways
Yes, there is a bare minimum amount of energy required to store data, it is defined by the background radiation of the universe, and that is true.
However- Quantum Entanglement allow two particles to exhibit the same spin/energy levels between the two particles, albet one is spinning in the opposite direction of the other.
This would allow an entity to feed energy in the form of sub-atomic 'spin' to the particle, and by speeding up one you speed up two. There are currently on-going experiments that may allow us, relatively soon, to send information between the particles in the form of change-in-spin. The particles do not seem to observe the light-speed limit on information due to the apparent instantaneous reaction of the particles to each other. (no, we do not know why or how it works, hence the name 'quantum')
An alternate theory- the gates accelerate lazer pulses as lenses, allowing light to be 'lased' at relative FTL.
... It would too work!
Quantum entanglement does not work like that, and sub-atomic spin definitely doesn't work like that (you can change the spin of a particle from 'up' to 'down', or from 'down' to 'up', that's it, you can't make them spin faster).
Quantum entangling two particles means that you will always be able to make reliable predictions about the state of particle A based on measurements of particle B, even if that information is otherwise unknown. Measuring
particle A reveals
information about particle B, changing
particle A does not change
Example: two particles A and B are entangled, they have opposite spins, and A has one less joule of energy than B, however neither the spins nor the energies of the two particles are known beyond that.
I allow those two particles to become separated by four light years, and then I measure the energy and spin of particle A, it has spin up, and 10J of energy. Therefore I can predict that anyone taking measurements of particle B will find that it has spin down and energy 11J. This is interesting since these particles appear to be unattached, there is no other way I could know the spin of B in advance, and in fact no other way I could get definite information about particle B in less than four years.
If, before making any measurements I were to alter particle A, I would have to take those alterations into account before making predictions about particle B. If I were to add 5J to the energy of A, that changes the information I possess from "particle B has 1J more than particle A" to "particle B has 4J less than particle A". Changing A changes what I know about the relation between A and B, it does not change B. All this applies unless modifying particle A disrupts its entanglement with particle B, in which case I would know nothing about B from observing A (note: this is the most likely outcome).
It might be possible to transmit information using this technique, in the sense that I know the outcome of an experiment that's happening right now (or a close approximation of 'right now'), four light years away. People four light years away are still not able to tell me what happened, I just know what they're going to say.
And incidently, yes we do know how and why it works, quantum means "the smallest possible amount
" not "magic
" (the film title "A Quantum of Solace" is actually an entirely accurate use of the term quantum, they weren't just stuffing in random science words to make it seem cool).
In the words of Inigo Montoya: "You keep using that word. I do not think it means what you think it means."
The question you need to ask is how is spin of a particle measured.
The spin of a particle cannot be changed- sorry it took so long to respond, I had a long discussion with one of my profs, and I admit I got that wrong. However, the spin can be altered- through it's interaction with a magnetic field.
Physists currently observe the spin of a particle through it's distortion of a magnetic field, and the act of observing changes the properties of a sub-atomic particle.
Temperature (vibration speed)
Then you need to ask another question- what happens to light when it is lased?
A true laser creates a beam of photons that are sharing the same wavelength- the same quantum state.
Matter will not do this UNLESS the mater is cooled to within a degree or less of 0deg K (This causes matter to break down from fermions into bosons- only achieved with helium-4 so far, but it is in theory possible with any material). This state is the state of Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC). Matter will, in this state, become undifferentiated, and form into a, for lack of a better term, Boson fluid.
(I am still reading through the books he gave me, so I may need to clarify some things later)
The bosons, being undifferentiated, all are the same temperature, and can occupy the same 'spin' value, and do so, when in this state.
The trick to transmitting information would be to have material that exists in that state AND is quantum entangled with another group of atoms that are also in a BEC, then a small segment of the entangled material is heated- this causes the entanglements to break, and should be viewed as a change in state on the other side of the transmission.
Since it is technically impossible to know what spin the particle has (can be predicted, but not observed) this method takes advantage of the properties of bosons 'sharing' a quantum state, enabling energy to be transferred from one location to another, as the vibrations in atoms that is interpreted as heat are also interfering with the quantum state of said atoms, which can allow the inference of energy being transmitted between the two atoms.
The theory is that if you had, say, two diamonds that were quantum-entangled, and one was shot into space, and the other remained on earth, in magnetic isolation. The one on earth would start to change temperature, as the second diamond entered the earth's shadow, and as the second diamond went to the sunlight the diamond in containment would begin heating up on the atomic scale.
And yes, I know what quantum means, however we as a species do not understand the mechanics behind the cause of quantum entanglement, we only know how to cause it, and detect if it occurs.
Of course this could be completely wrong, but it would allow an interesting method of FTL communication and energy transmission.
BRING ON THE RANTING!